Which nation controlled the most land in africa? (2024)

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Which nation controlled the most land in africa?

Answer and Explanation: The British Empire controlled the most land in Africa. With the creation of the world's largest and most powerful naval force, the British set off all over the globe for new territories to assimilate.

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Who controlled the most land in Africa in 1914?

Within forty years, by 1914 and the end of the scramble for Africa, Great Britain dominated the breadth of the African continent from Egypt to South Africa, as well as Nigeria and the Gold Coast; the French occupied vast expanses of west Africa; the Germans boasted control over modern-day Tanzania and Namibia; the ...

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What nation controlled the most territory?

In 1913, 412 million people lived under the control of the British Empire, 23 percent of the world's population at that time. It remains the largest empire in human history and at the peak of its power in 1920, it covered an astonishing 13.71 million square miles - that's close to a quarter of the world's land area.

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Which 2 countries got the most land in Africa?

List of African countries by area
Country% total
1Algeria7.9%
2DR Congo7.7%
3Sudan6.2%
4Libya5.8%
52 more rows

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Who controlled the most land in Africa?

Answer and Explanation: The British Empire controlled the most land in Africa. With the creation of the world's largest and most powerful naval force, the British set off all over the globe for new territories to assimilate.

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Which country took over the most land in Africa?

According to the graph the two countries that held the most land in the continent of Africa were the French and the British.

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Which two European countries controlled the most land in Africa?

Britain and France ultimately controlled the largest territories; Britain's goal was to control one continuous territory that stretched the length of the continent, from Egypt to South Africa (which they eventually achieved following the First World War), while France's aim was for one continuous territory stretching ...

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Which country had the largest colonies and controlled more land in the New world?

Spain established what was by far the largest empire in the Americas, extending from southwestern North America to northern Chile. The Spanish administered their territory directly, dividing it into two regions: the Viceroyalty of New Spain in North and Central America and the Viceroyalty of Peru in South America.

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What European country had the most territory in Africa?

Great Britain won the most land in Africa and was “given” Nigeria, Egypt, Sudan, Kenya, and South Africa after defeating the Dutch Settlers and Zulu Nation.

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What countries claimed land in Africa?

Europeans wanted these materials for their industries. Slowly, countries such as Great Britain, France, Spain, Germany, Belgium, and Italy began to claim land in Africa.

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Who was in control of Africa?

The principal powers involved in the modern colonisation of Africa are Britain, France, Germany, Portugal, Spain and Italy. In nearly all African countries today, the language used in government and media is the one imposed by a recent colonial power, though most people speak their native African languages.

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Who owns the most land in the nation?

The 2022 Land Report 100, compiled each year by The Land Report magazine, released its annual list of landowners who own the most acres in the United States. The nation's largest private landowners are the Emmerson family in California who own over 2.4 million acres.

Which nation controlled the most land in africa? (2024)
Who owned most of Africa?

Between 1885 and 1914, Britain took nearly 30% of Africa's population under its control; 15% for France, 11% for Portugal, 9% for Germany, 7% for Belgium and 1% for Italy. Nigeria alone contributed 15 million subjects, more than in the whole of French West Africa or the entire German colonial empire.

Which countries conquered the most land?

Empires at their greatest extent
EmpireMaximum land area
Million km2Million sq mi
British Empire35.513.71
Mongol Empire24.09.27
Russian Empire22.88.80
90 more rows

Which country controlled the most territory in West Africa?

France took control of most parts of West Africa. Colonial rule was the result of competition among European countries for control of African resources.

Who colonized Africa first?

The Dutch East India Company had established the Cape Colony in South Africa in 1652, and Dutch settlers known as the Boers came to farm the area. The British acquired the Cape Colony in 1806.

Which country controlled the most colonial properties in Africa?

The French had the largest colonial empire in Africa, over 3 1⁄2 million square miles, half of which contained the Sahara Desert. In 1830, France had conquered Algeria in North Africa. Between 1881 and 1912, France acquired Tunisia, Morocco, West Africa, and Equatorial Africa.

Who colonized the most land in the Americas?

In land area, Spain's was the largest of the colonial empires in the New World. It comprised several islands in the West Indies, all of Mexico, most of Central America; most of South America except for Brazil, and what are now Florida, California, and the U.S. Southwest.

Which of the following colonial empire once controlled the largest amount of land?

The British Empire was by far the largest, spanning around one-quarter of the globe at one point. 3. The pre-war period saw European powers scramble to acquire the new colonial possessions. Much of this occurred in Africa, where Britain, France and Germany all vied for land and control.

What were the 3 main countries that colonized the New World?

Britain, France, Spain, and the Netherlands established colonies in North America. Each country had different motivations for colonization and expectations about the potential benefits.

Which country has the most territory in Africa and why?

1) Algeria (2,381,741 square kilometers)

It is the tenth largest country in the world. Approximately 90 percent of Algeria is desert. Algeria's defense budget is the largest in Africa. The population of Algeria is around 38.7 million.

Which 2 European countries were the biggest winners in the race to seize African colonies?

Britain and France, the big winners, gained new territory in West Africa, and Britain built a network of colonies in East Africa running from South Africa to Egypt.

Which country didn't control any territory in Africa?

By 1914, around 90% of Africa was under European control. However, because of their locations, economies, and political status, Ethiopia and Liberia avoided colonization.

Who owned Africa in 1914?

By 1914, most of Africa was controlled by European powers. Britain controlled a vast line of colonies stretching north from South Africa and south from Egypt, disrupted only by the German colony of Tanzania.

Did Africans have control of any areas by 1914?

These attitudes allowed European colonists to ignore the established African tribes and kingdoms with their rich histories and cultures. By 1914, the only independent African states were Liberia and Ethiopia.

Who controlled South Africa in 1914?

The nominal head of government was a governor-general who was appointed by the British. The British also continued to control South Africa's defense and foreign relations. These constitutional arrangements meant that in August 1914, Britain's entry into the war automatically brought about the entry of South Africa.

How much of Africa was controlled by Europeans by 1914?

In 1870, only 10 percent of Africa was under formal European control; by 1914 this had increased to almost 90 percent of the continent, with only Ethiopia (Abyssinia) and Liberia remaining independent, the latter of which was a former United States colony.

How much of Africa did Britain control in 1914?

The 10 percent of Africa that was under formal European control in 1870 increased to almost 90 percent by 1914, with only Liberia and Ethiopia remaining independent.

Which country controlled Africa?

The principal powers involved in the modern colonisation of Africa are Britain, France, Germany, Portugal, Spain and Italy.

What countries maintained 90% control of Africa by 1914?

Even as late as the 1870s, European states still controlled only 10% of the African continent; by WWI, Europe controlled 90% of Africa.

Which nation claimed the most colonies in Africa 1914?

Through the use of direct military force, economic spheres of influence, and annexation, European countries dominated the continents of Africa and Asia. By 1914, Great Britain controlled the largest number of colonies, and the phrase, “the sun never sets on the British Empire,” described the vastness of its holdings.

Which Africa country was not colonized?

Key Takeaways. Ethiopia and Liberia are widely believed to be the only two African countries to have never been colonized. Their location, economic viability, and unity helped Ethiopia and Liberia avoid colonization.

Who colonized Nigeria?

Colonial Nigeria was ruled by the British Empire from the mid-nineteenth century until 1960 when Nigeria achieved independence. British influence in the region began with the prohibition of slave trade to British subjects in 1807. Britain annexed Lagos in 1861 and established the Oil River Protectorate in 1884.

Who controlled most of West Africa by 1900?

By the early years of the twentieth century the French held most of what would come to be their colonial territory in West Africa (including present day Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso, Benin, Guinea, Ivory Coast and Niger).

Who colonized South Africa before Britain?

The Dutch East India Company (in the Dutch of the day: Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie, or VOC) decided to establish a permanent settlement at the Cape in 1652.

What percent of Africa was controlled by Europe?

By the early 20th century, around 90 percent of Africa was directly controlled by Europeans (Figure 6.3. 1). European colonization of Africa completely reshaped the political and ethnic landscape, with lasting effects even today.

What percentage of Africa was controlled by European countries?

By 1914, 90% of Africa had been divided between seven European countries with only Liberia and Ethiopia remaining independent nations.

How many countries colonized Africa 1914?

3) By 1914, the independent states of Africa were completely taken over by 7 European nations. The only two states still independent were Liberia and Ethiopia.

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